Working Group Seismics

and Geophysics

at the St.-Michael-Gymnasium Monschau

Some experimental results are meant to illustrate how a seismograph can help in teaching lessons on the topic 'oscillations and waves'.

First of all it is a real improvement to separately coil some hundreds of windings around the induction- coil of the seismograph as a supplementary coil. Then you connect the supplementary coil to an AC-generator for low frequencies. Then the pendulum is no longer set in motion in the laboratory by a periodically guided motion of the suspension (with the help of an eccentric) but by a periodically variable force, which directly acts on the pendulum.

Fig.60: Simulation of a guided motion of the dashpot by an electromagnetic force

If one registers the motion of the pendulum by the seismometer coil then you can observe resonance of velocity caused by this kind of guided motion. The advantage of velocity-resonance is that a maximum velocity can be observed for every damping value.

Fig.61: experimental arrangement for the recording of velocity-resonance

The following illustration shows the result of this resonance experiment.

Fig.62: velocity-resonance on the school-seismograph

Additionally the phase ellipse can be very clearly shown. If one goes on further evaluation such resonance can produce the following graphs for phase shifting and complex amplitude Cov.

Fig.63: Phase shifting and complex velocity-amplitude on the school-seismograph